How well do you know the history of jazz? 🎷
Let’s begin by saying that Jazz was born in the late 19th century. But did you know that it was born in the United States? I suppose most of us knew that but how about the drum set? It was actually invented by jazz musicians! Oh yes. The rockers and metalheads didn’t really invented it. Besides, heavy metal and rock came many years after jazz. We will talk about how rock was invented in another post though.
The Blues is basically the foundation of jazz. It was mostly talking about the pain of love and a broken heart. Of course it’s still one of the greatest genres around!
“New Orleans had a great tradition of celebration. Opera, military marching bands, folk music, the blues, different types of church music, ragtime, echoes of traditional African drumming, and all of the dance styles that went with this music could be heard and seen throughout the city. When all of these kinds of music blended into one, jazz was born.” —Wynton Marsalis
Louis Armstrong is one of the greatest artists in the history of music. He was born in Lew Orleans, Louisiana on August 4, 1901 and began playing the cornet at the age of 13! Armstrong perfected the improvised jazz solo as we know it. Before Armstrong, Dixieland was the style of jazz that everyone was playing. He died in New York on July 6, 1971.
Swing is the basic rhythm of jazz. Swinging means being in sync with other people and loving it. Swing was actually bringing an optimistic feeling to everyone in America! Many big bands started playing this kind of music! Orchestra leaders such as Duke Ellington, Count Basie ( one of the most favorite artists of mine ), Fletcher Henderson, Paul Whiteman, and Benny Goodman led some of the greatest bands of the era! Of course that’s how the swing dance was created!
Another significant artist in the music history is Edward Kennedy ”Duke” Ellington who was born on April 29, 1899 in Washington, D.C.! He began studying the piano at the age of seven and then he started playing the jazz as a teen. He then moved in New York to become a bandleader. As a pianist, composer, and bandleader, Ellington was one of the creators of the big band sound, which fueled the “swing” era. He continued leading and composing for his jazz orchestra until his death in 1974.
In the early 1940s, jazz musicians were looking for new directions to explore. A new style of jazz was born, called bebop. Bebop was considered jazz for intellectuals. No longer were there huge big bands, but smaller groups that did not play for dancing audiences but for listening audiences.
Trumpeter, bandleader and composer John Birks ”Dizzy” Gillespie was born on October 21, 1917 in Cheraw, South Carolina. He got his first music lesson from his father. He moved in New York on 1937 and met musicians such as Thelonious Monk and Charlie Parker. They were playing together and that’s when they came up with the bebop sound! His unique style of playing had such a huge influence on many great musicians! He died in Englewood, New Jersey on January 6, 1993.
The combination of African, Spanish, and native cultures in Latin America created a unique body of music and dance. Jazz musicians from Jelly Roll Morton to Duke Ellington to Dizzy Gillespie combined their music with this Latin sound to create a powerful blend. In the 1940s and 50s, when musicians from Cuba began to play with jazz musicians in New York, the circle was complete.
These were a few important things about Jazz! I didn’t know half of them and since i’m a Jazz lover i’m now excited that i know some really interesting stuff!
Question time! Who’s your favorite Jazz artist?
Thank you so much for reading! I hope you liked it!
See you all at my next post!!😁
A Vintage Athenian!💋
ALL OF THE INFORMATION WAS FOUND AT: http://teacher.scholastic.com/activities/bhistory/history_of_jazz.htm