Hello my loves!
I realized that i haven’t said much about Greece’s situation during WWII and i decided to make a post about it. Greece was one of the most tragic occupied countries during the war. I’m not going to talk about everything in this article but i am going to concentrate on specific events.
Before beginning though, i would like to say a word about the featured image of my article. It’s a mother and her son before leaving for the battle. She gives him to kiss a Christianic religious picture and probably wishes him that God shall be by his side. It is one of the most moving pictures from the WWII in Greece in my opinion, and that’s why i chose it.
How did the Occupation start?
April 1941. WWII had already began and Nazi Germany invaded Greece. Italy had been at war with Greece since 1940 but the Hellenic Army managed to send their forces away. It was also when the Greek prime minister Ioannis Metaxas said no to the ultimatum made by the Italian didactor, Benito Mussolini. Hence our national celebration every 28th of October, when we celebrate the ”No” (No Day – ΟΧΙ in Greek) we said to Italy.
(Sources for the newspapers at the end of the article)
That was when the Occupation of Greece began.
What were the results?
The Occupation ruined the Greek financial situation and many awful events occurred as the conditions were terrible. For instance we had the Distomo massacre when Nazi Germans killed innocent people in the village of Distomo, or the unknown holocaust in Kommeno village (and so many more). Those incidents were and still are terrible crimes against the Greek people (and not only, since the Nazis killed so many people all around the world) that were never punished. Even though the German soldiers who took part in those crimes have confessed everything, it was and still is, like it never happened.
(Sources at the end of the article. I thought it was better not to add disturbing images)
Women of Greece
As you can see, the women of Greece helped significantly during that time no matter their age. Hundreds of thousands of women had joined the army to defend Greece while thousands were killed during the battles. Many women were also executed by the Germans for their fights against them.
The Illegal newspaper
So during the last year of the Occupation, the Greeks had created an illegal newspaper the ”Radio News” (Ραδιοφωνικόν Δελτίον in Greek) with the news of BBC. The Greeks were risking their lives every time they were about to publish it. It was known that the radios were also banned so they had to illegally bring the news by BBC and others’ to the people. You can see pictures of the illegal newspaper here!
The end of the Occupation
The Greek Occupation ended on 1944 but the crisis after it, brought the Civil War. This was an advantage for the Nazis not only to not be punished, but also to become the ruling class after the war (defeating the communists).
In the video below you will be able to see many scenes that were recorded at that time. The faces of the people and their movements remind us of how different everything was back then.
So these were a few basic things about Greece’s Occupation.
I really hope you enjoyed today’s post and hopefully you learned some new things! Thank you very much for reading!
I will see you all on my next post!
A Vintage Athenian💋
Italy at war with Greece newspaper: https://www.eleftherostypos.gr/ellada/137167-o-thaymasmos-toy-diethnoys-typoy-gia-to-epos-toy-1940/
British land on Greek isles newspaper: https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&ved=2ahUKEwjGsZ7C6ofcAhVKGCwKHahOBDoQjhx6BAgBEAM&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.pappaspost.com%2Fthis-day-in-history-october-31-1940-rome-expects-greek-collapse%2F&psig=AOvVaw0zWvT7xAmyyKwr-iWoJnif&ust=1530871770980181
Italy suddenly opens war on Greece newspaper: http://www.rarenewspapers.com/view/606404
Evening Standard newspaper:
The New York Times newspaper:
First photo of young lady and grandmother: https://www.google.com/search?biw=1536&bih=683&tbm=isch&sa=1&ei=y_I9W_DsEsO2swGOqJWgAw&q=greek+occupation+1940&oq=greek+occupation+1940&gs_l=img.3…285900.287902.0.288220.127.116.11.0.0.0.173.716.0j5.5.0….0…1c.1.64.img..0.1.171…0i19k1j0i30i19k1.0.0DIBuSaLU-k#imgrc=uKrK7qEILSj_ZM:
Photo of people eating: https://katohika.gr/ellada/ti-etrogan-stin-katochi-diavaste-tis-syntages-tis-peinas/
Poeple celebrating the liberation from nazi: http://greece.greekreporter.com/2015/10/11/athens-commemorates-the-71st-anniversary-of-its-liberation-from-nazi-occupation/
Mother and son: http://romiazirou.blogspot.com/2013/10/1940_29.html
Women offering food: http://cretablog.gr/prota/%CE%BF%CE%B9-%CF%83%CF%85%CE%BD%CF%84%CE%B1%CE%B3%CE%AD%CF%82-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-%CF%80%CE%B5%CE%AF%CE%BD%CE%B1%CF%82-%CF%83%CF%84%CE%B7%CE%BD-%CE%BA%CE%B1%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%87%CE%AE/